Everything You Need to Know About Brook Trout and How to Catch Them

Brook Trout is a freshwater fish that originated from the eastern parts of North America. They are small in size and needs a cold temperature in order to survive. They tend to migrate up and down the water to find the right habitat and temperature. People call them by different nicknames because of its appearance. Nicknames such as speckled trout, spotted trout, brookie, and square tail are one of the few.

If it’s your first time to fish for a brook trout, then doing heavy research and getting as much information as possible is a must. However, if you’re an experienced angler and know the right equipment to use, then you’re good to go.

Below are some facts about the Brook Trout:

  • It’s scientific name “Salvelinus Fontinalis” signifies that their natural habitat is spring or fresh water.
  • They are small compared to other trout’s, but they’re lively and active.
  • Originally found in the eastern parts of North America but is stocked throughout America.
  • Having Brook Trout in your area indicates that the water is pure and free of pollution. The denser the trout, the healthier the water is. But the lesser the trout, the muckier the water is.
  • They have greenish and yellowish spots on the back, combined with red and blue spots at the rear. Their abdomen and lower fins are pinkish in color.

When Do Brook Trout Spawns?

  • They usually spawn during fall or late summer depending on the water’s temperature level. They also like to search for the perfect ground and even travel upstream.

How Big Can They Get?

  • Brook Trout’s are smaller compared to other trout’s in their species. Their size also depends on the habitat, the food they eat, and the temperature of the water they lived in. They can grow up to 10 inches and weigh 1 pound.

What Kind of Foods Do They Eat?

  • Brook Trout like to consume insects that are still in larvae and pupal form. Aquatic insects like Caddisflies and stoneflies are one of their favorites. And it doesn’t stop there, they also like to eat land insects such as ants, beetles, and crickets. Small fish and frogs are also included. They have two single rows of strong teeth on the roof of their mouth, which makes them a strong eater compared to salmon.

Where to Find Them?

  • As we’ve mentioned earlier, it’s important to do research in order to find the best spot where Brook Trout’s are located. When you found the perfect stream or lake to fish, you should also know which part of the stream or lake is the best spot for fishing for Brook Trout’s.
  • Brook Trout’s like to hang out on cool and clean underwater areas where they can hunt for food easily. Areas such as mid-stream boulders, stream bank vegetation, and wood covered areas are the best place to spot Brook Trout’s. Stream sides with a lot of vegetation is also a good spot to find them because this is where they hunt for food.

Fishing Tips and Gear Guide for Brook Trout Fishing

  • You don’t need fancy fishing equipment to fish for Brook Trout’s since they are fully compatible with other fishing equipment you used for other types of fishes.

Gear Guide:

Fishing Gear – Brook Trout’s are lightweight, so a generic pole and line will do. A fishing pole that’s about 4-5 feet long with a spin cast should do well. You may need a thin copolymer fishing line depending on the density of the water though.

You also need small bronze hook that’s either 10 or 14 in size. You can also use sinkers or bobbers if you want. Also, don’t forget to bring your wading boots with you as you may need to wade in the water. Having a net and canvas creel is also a must to hold the fish once you catch them.

Brook Trout Bait – You can choose a wide range of live bait to lure Brook Trout. They like to chomp on small aquatic insects such as earthworms, mayflies, fly larvae, grasshoppers, wax worms, minnows, and crickets. Your bait is also dependent on the type of hook you’ll use.

You can also use homemade bait such as cheese, corn, cereals, and marshmallows as an alternative. These ingredients can be easily made into small ball-like chunks to be used as bait.

Brook Trout Lures – Using lures is also a good option to look for Brook Trouts. Small jigs that come in bright colors can be used to lure Brook Trout’s. Small-sized spoons that are gold and silver in color is also an effective bait. You can also use dry flies to attract the attention of Brook Trout’s too. Use a floating line filled with dry flies such as ant flies, mayfly, caddisfly, and mosquito while fishing to get their attention.

Brook Trout Fishing Techniques

  • There’s no special techniques to catch a Brook Trout. You just do the same thing as catching other fish as long as you have the right equipment to begin with. After that, it’s all up to you. Here are some tips for you to follow:
    • Cast you line aiming upstream. This results to your bait drifting back to you.
    • Using live bait, casting upstream is best. However, for lures, you can cast to any direction you want.
    • Keep an eye of your line after casting while waiting for the fish to bite the bait.
    • Once the line stretches and the fish has taken the bite, reel it quickly and firmly.
    • Hold the rod straight so that the fish won’t hit your face and body.
    • Add split shot sinkers to your line if you’re fishing in deep waters.

Brook Trout Fishing Tips for Beginners

  • Make sure to pierce once at both ends of the bait or any live bait you want to use if your baiting your line for the first time.
  • Approach the stream carefully and quietly if you want to cast your line. Making noises may scare the fish.
  • Avoid making any disturbance on the environment as it may scare the fish away. Find a good spot where you can stand or sit properly on the shore of the stream.
  • When you catch a fish and decide to release it, make sure to handle them with wet hands to protect their outer coating from the outside world. The coating is important for their health.
  • It’s important to stay as close on the shore as possible especially when you’re alone. Rent a fishing kayak and bring a friend with you if you want to fish further from the shore.
  • Always carry a personal GPS device as fishing areas have poor cellular connections which makes it hard to contact where you are.
  • Don’t forget to bring food with you in case you’ll get hungry.
  • If you want to keep the fish and cook it right after catching it, be sure to use the right cooking equipment and follow the rules that may apply.

Keep Yourself Updated

  • Gather information from local authorities when is the best time for fishing. Some lakes only allow catching fish and releasing it afterwards. They won’t allow you to keep the fish so it’s better to know if that lake or stream your fishing in allows you to keep what your hard work has done.
  • You may also need a proper fishing license in order to catch fish in your local area. When you have one, be sure to carry it every time you go fishing. You should also have knowledge about the proper rules of fishing in that particular area if they have one.
  • There are other places where they implement a minimum limit. Which means, if you catch a fish that’s shorter than the minimum length they’ve implemented, then you have to release it. Some other areas also had a daily limit of catching fish. If you exceeded the limit of a particular day, then you have to release the other ones back to where they came from.